- Dorine is the maidservant in Orgon’s home. She acts as the voice of reason, honesty, and truth in the play. As the play opens, she tries to let the others know of Tartuffe’s hypocrisy. She also serves to show how other characters such as Madame Pernelle have fallen victim to Tartuffe’s falsehoods
- The best and most comic scene in the play happens in Act II Scene II during Orgon and Dorine’s exchange. It is the best scene as it shows the authority and freedom that Dorine has in the household. While Mariane is not able to object to his father’s commands, Dorine gives him a piece of her mind and she informs him of the consequences of his actions
- Tartuffe has managed to blind Orgon through his false religious piety. Orgon is pleased with Tartuffe’s simple way of life and Tartuffe always seems to know the right thing to say even when he is in the wrong. In addition, the fact that Orgon’s mother seems to have a liking for Tartuffe resonates well with Orgon.
- Tartuffe appears late in the play. By this time, the audience already has an idea of who the character is based on the rumors and debate surrounding him. The people become eager to meet the character that they have heard so much about. They have already formed an impression of what he might look like based on all they have heard about him.
- Candied was brought up as an optimist. He believed that everything would be okay and that he lived in the best possible world. However, the experiences he has after he is chased away from the castle and the people he meets make him change his mind in the end
- When Cacambo describes the Jesuits government, he terms it as a wonderful thing and a masterpiece of reason and justice. He then proceeds to state that it has everything while the people have nothing
- When Pangloss and Candide meet for the first time after the expulsion from the castle, Pangloss tells him of the afflictions he suffered when he contracted the strange disease from Pacquette. Pangloss reasons that the disease was unavoidable and he saw it as a necessary ingredient in the best of worlds.
- One of the most important aspects of the book is the garden at the end of the story. It portrays a different kind of life for Candide and his friends. He stops focusing on philosophy and thoughts and he chooses a simple life that involves working hard in the garden. This contrasts with the garden in the beginning of the play, as the characters did not have to cultivate it
- The speaker of the poem is a child. He is innocent in the ways of the world, which is depicted by the fact that he talks to an animal. He is a Christian and he has confidence in his beliefs and faith
- Both the lamb and the child are equated with Jesus, as seen in the child’s reply to his own questions. The speaker says that the one who made them calls himself a lamb and he became a little child. He says that the two are called by his name
- The first two lines and the last two lines of the first stanza are repeated. In the second stanza, the speaker repeats the first two lines and the second two lines in the stanza. Repetition serves to create rhythm in this case as well as to emphasize his point in the poem.
- The poem fits the conventions of a children’s poem in its simplicity and language. It is repeated and it has an easy rhythmic pattern, which makes it easy for the children to learn. On the other hand, the poem challenges such conventions because of its deeper meanings and themes. The religious connotations in the poem and the answer to creation may not be easy for children to understand.
Puchner, Martin et al. The Norton Anthology of World Literature. New York, NY: W W Norton & Company Incorporated, 2012. Print
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