Religious Studies





Religious Studies

Question 1

 Understanding of the end of the world has tremendous impact on traditions of a religion in relation to science. On one hand, science is adept to continuity of live forms during existence and the end once life is lost. It is particular in developmental scientific study on the loss of life. In sharp contrast, religion is based on belief. Thus, the origin of life is sanctified according to the creator and then delivered through the existences. The ends of the world in the two connotations are quite different. Scientific knowledge and study does not define end of the world as it bases on aesthetic values and naturalistic tendencies. The affiliations of science do not conform to any traditions as opposed to religious beliefs and teachings. It can be tested neither proved nor experimented according to science since loss of life signifies the end to existence.

            As for religion, the traditions influence heavily on the significance towards end of the world. The impact realized through loss of life leads back to importance on the belief of the creator who is God. In western religion, Christians believe in the continuity of life after death. The belief is relayed through the teachings and example from Jesus for Christianity, Judaism, evangelicalism, and the like. Therefore, traditions rendered include preparation of the spirit and soul in readiness for the ascension once the end of the world reaches. Some of the traditions practiced include baptism, receiving salvation and acceptance of Christ as the savior. Subsequently, living according to the deeds perceived as holy prepare for continuity of life after the death. Judgment on continuity is then reverted to the creator who administers the right of the believer.

            Sharp contrast is realized in the eastern religions. There is common belief in life after death as opposed to end of the world. Tentative approach in preparation according to traditions is used for this kind. For example, the Buddhists are renowned for their exemplary approach to reincarnation. A purposeful soul is prepared by rational living and being free form any wrongs to others, whether believers or non-believers. Sanctity is maintained through traditions of keeping the spirit in conjunction with the specific gods. Lighting of the released lantern enables symbolic showing of continuity. The tradition is similar to Hinduism. The central belief in Hinduism is enabled through continued reincarnation within earth until it achieves perfect unity with the source. Therefore, the end of the world does not affect much of the reincarnation process.

             An added dimension towards the impact of the end of the world towards tradition is represented by the difference in science and religion. Science is concerned on the knowing of the world, without reference to beliefs or theoretical aspects. In sharp contrast, religion bases on holistic approach especially with significance of the end of the world. For example, in Hinduism, it is symbolic concerning continuous existence of a person through reincarnation. Tradition in this religion is therefore a continuous practice of prayer and sanctification. In Christianity, it is based on preparation of the aftermath by keeping traditions within one’s existence. The symbolic death and reverence by the cross as shown by Christians and evangelicals, affirms to purity and cleansing of one’s sins in readiness.

Question 2

In the institutional basis between science and religion, is fundamentally depicted by the belief in creation. In both western and eastern religions, there is belief in the presence of a supernatural being as responsible for the creation process. All live forms are believed to have occurred resulting from a natural cause as oppose to perception or theoretical enablement. In both, the advancement towards science is communicated through the thoughtful divinity expressed and complex understanding of the human nature. For example, Hinduism and Buddhism attribute divinity towards the belief of a monotheistic sense. It is replicated by the western religions like Judaism and Christianity through the faith and belief of understanding human nature. As for science, it is represented by both structural and capability of the human nature to decipher belief as a source of understanding their environment from the source.

            In both western and eastern religion beliefs, there is common understanding on life after death. According to the eastern religions like Hinduism and Jainism, the belief is enhanced according to continuity of life through reincarnation. It is similar to the western representation in Christianity as depicted by ascension into heaven if the believer was born again. In relation to science, the similarity is profound to the understanding of spirit communication and its connotation to human belief. In both religions, there is emphasis of the self as a realization in order to encounter the full aspect of faith and belief. Self-realization then leads to profound making of choices according to relevance. Both ideas of religions have understanding on the freedom of choice and direct contact with the creator. There are consequences attributed to both choices as shown by heaven and hell in Christianity while Buddhism is experienced on the prevalence of the abyss.  

            The main differences between eastern and western religions are through the practice dimensions. In this category, the two religions are further dislikes as compared to the similarities that bind the. Through science, the belief and practice of enabled religion is a characteristic of faith as shown by religion. In western, Christianity, Judaism, and Evangelicalism practice in belief of one God who is central to their existence. On the other hand, eastern religions worship several gods according to their relevance on the people especially in Hinduism and Sikhism. The belief in the former is monotheistic and centrally unified by the teachings according to the holy books. In the latter, polytheistic connotations are quite common from one type to another. The roots in western religion are attributed towards historical and cultural approaches while in eastern religions, rational means is enabled all together.   

            There are more attributed differences between western religions and eastern religions due to the delivered origins. The conclusion is derived from my understanding that in eastern religions like Buddhism and Hinduism, the inherence of sin is not from birth of a person or existence. It is more of acquired. In sharp contrast, western religion delivers a differential approach especially with Christianity and evangelicalism. Once the individual is born, their body is a source of sin. The existence of western religion is shown by placement in Americas and Europe while the eastern religions are profound in China, India and majority of the Asian nations. As such, human nature delivered by eastern religions state that it is due to ignorance while the western depict the same from sinful nature as opposed to that of their God.

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