Paul Laurence Dunbar and Langston Hughes have similar styles of poetry writing while there are also notable differences in their works. Both authors employ rhyme schemes in the words at the end of their sentences in their stanzas as stylistic devices. They also use repetition in reference to the main themes of their poems. However, Langston Hughes, in his Let America Be America Again poem uses personification to bring out the hopes and expectations of the American people (Roberts and Zweig 578). Paul Laurence Dunbar, on the other hand, employs the use of symbolism to enhance emotion, through reference of the bird in his Sympathy poem.

The themes contained in the poems of both authors refer to a similar target. There is reference to the past suffering and moments of desperation, failure and negativity. This is then put into perspective by the constant appeal to changing of the future. This creates hope and expectations of positive thoughts. Paul Laurence Dunbar sets his goal on what he has experienced as the bird in figurative manner. He depicts the suffering he has gone through. On the other hand, Langston Hughes’ goal is a plea for changes to the systems and life of the American people to a better and hopeful state.

The expression of each author is unique in the sense that, Paul Laurence Dunbar categorizes himself under different circumstances of the society to show the evils and negative aspects that are carried out in the day-to-day lives while calling for a change to the setup and redemption of the country. Meanwhile, Langston Hughes refers to himself figuratively as the bird and that he knows the true ills that have befallen the bird and why it reacts as it does.











































Work Cited:

Roberts, Edgar V, and Robert Zweig. Literature: An Introduction to Reading and Writing. Boston: Longman, 2012. Print.


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