Philosophy 350- Business Ethics





Philosophy 350- Business Ethics

Question 1

Increased capacity of technology is vital in gathering, storage, and manipulation of information. It presents the strongest argument since we live in civilization age that relies on information and communication. With technology, the abundance of information is limitless as compared to one without. The most important of all requirements as humans, is the need for communication. Therefore embracing information technology is vital for solutions to problems, enabling efficiency in operations, making life easier and generally improving all the processes. However, the main issue with information and technology lies within its use, manipulation, protection, and availability. In configured society with IT, the flow, volume, ease and direction of the information is relatively faster. The biggest conundrum is the significance faced with privacy of the information shared and directed at all places at any given time. Of importance is the purpose and effect towards the users and facilitators.

               In the paper-less society, the intensity developed with information acquisition and sharing was too little as compared to the present. The providers and enablers of the technology for information reception and sharing directed the formation of the infrastructure. Therefore, surveillance and privacy issues have to arise regarding the rights and freedoms guaranteed to the rightful owners of the information. In the IT configurations, more of the personal information is collected as opposed to public, while the newer kinds are created in a continuous manner. The advent of distribution regarding personal information has become widespread whereas the endurance is longer in time than before. The effects contained in personal information are magnified with increased measures towards tracking and monitoring. The most applicable reason used for the surveillance is security purposes while consumerism by providers is usually the target for enabling understanding of consumer behavior, influences, and decisions.  

            The benefits of technology can be embraced without e-mail privacy and advertising, workplace spying and data mining. One of the first measures that can limit the arguments on need for surveillance versus the rights and protection of ownership is the policy contract. When development of information technology is availed for used through communication channels, the service providers should stick to an initial policy contract with all the users. In the policy, terms and conditions stating the need for surveillance, tracking and monitoring efforts aimed at the users should be made available. Proponents for the use of the communication entities will accept on the mandatory surveillance measures carried out without any limit and to their benefit of usage. The opposing factions will have the authority of not using the services provided and therefore will not have their information privacy issues scrutinized forthwith.

            In order to minimize the risks associated with privacy requirements on information sharing, distribution and use, the users can also develop their own encryption and decryption methods. The generated mechanisms of understanding and re-rerouting the channels for communication can benefit the users without compromising of any standards set. It includes the minimizing of security lapses and infringement of the information channels. It can then take the distribution of required content without any intentional attributes from the providers of the services and used between the respective owners. Guarantees are only enabled through non-infringement on any policy agreement. However, adherence to the already set guidelines on matters of usage and availability fall under the jurisdiction of the providers. It can be legally binding as well as compromise on both requirements. Only the interested users and receivers determine the destiny of the shard information and consequences.

            Informed consent can also facilitate minimizing the risks associated with privacy requirements on information sharing, distribution and use. In most cases, the use of trade off privacy requirements is associated with naivety as opposed to the delivered benefits. Cases of users giving their private information on consent are common according to agreed consent with the service providers or companies. However, it does not mean that they are fully aware of the consequences and the effect associated with it. Subsequently, the consequent follow up of events usually leads to lawsuits and acrimonious situations between the different parties. In order for the benefits to be realized as information and communication is important, informed consent can facilitate the above. After scrutiny of the benefits and consequences of trade off requirements, the user will then be liable to any consequences and effects realized after surrendering their rights to privacy.           

Question 2

Despite issues of morality between two nations, regions, companies, or background settings, ethics should be maintained when dealing with each other for business sense, success, and assurance of the deals. Morality is fundamental for the unison of the two entities. With morality as the driving source, there is bound to be division. For example, if the Romans and Japanese do not comprehend on the requirements of morality there is no assurance and coming together in order to do business. Instead, divisions on the environment and stakes surrounding the two differential sources will override the importance of cooperation. Issues of morality differences will cause drifts and animosity between the two. In the end, none will succeed in meeting the target.      

            Morality points to the need for business ethics as it ensures there is long-term growth between the different parties involved. In order for the Japanese and Romans to ensure that there is sustainability of their involvement with each other in business sense, a vision on morality grounds has to be established for it to be a success. The need for business transactions and dealings is primarily for profitable venture between any two or more parties. Differences in entity levels of backgrounds, sociopolitical affiliations and derided humanity values only serves to increase the negative aspect of the parties involved. Instead, the macro economical level of the targets will be short-term as opposed to long-term, which provides for longevity and increased gain. In addition, the differences have to be moral since the requirement is to enforce change, which is acceptable. Encouraging differences increases probability of losses.   

            However, it is critical to institute morality into any business cooperation between two different parties. For example, the differences in morality in Japanese and Romans should be solid background for enabling the business transaction. At the end of the transaction, the most important gain acquired is the customers. Therefore, having moral drive and sense in dealings ensures there is trustworthiness from the customers and stakeholders. Putting aside morality issues creates a negative image and brand for either of the two parties. It translates into the figures required to drive the sales numbers, loyalty, and judgment from the consumers. Scrutiny leveled at either the Japanese or Romans into any deal is shown by the response towards the utilities acquired. In addition, possible trade-offs and cut-offs are avoided with the extra baggage realized when morality is the barrier between success and the cooperation.

            Morality relies on business ethics as foundation of cooperation between one or two parties in order to achieve success. Ethics govern the rule of engagement and carrying out of transactions. If there are differences on morality between Japanese and Romans, reputation is put at stake. It increases the likelihood of the association of the two in damaging the reputation. The resultant effects are witnessed through lesser appeal and distancing from prospective consumers, stakeholders, and potential investors. Reputation builds interest and is determined by the level of moral ethics that guides the two different partners. One’s negative image in the partnership is also directed to the other as well as historical facts on the same. With the scale of potential benefits from any partnership, it only makes sense to institute level of morality dimensions in any dealing to minimize external pressure, resentment, and withdrawal.

            Morality is essential in facilitating reduction of potential cost and risks. Cost is determined by the operation requirements when the two parties, Japanese and Romans, come into cooperation. Risks are drawn from the underlying factors, which arise from the moral grounds of the two parties. Hence, without prior consideration of the two dimensions of morality from the onset, the developments are short-lived and do not acquire the anticipated returns of success. Avoiding the morality importance only adds to self-interest of the two without considerations of the harm within. External and internal pressure then exposes the latency build up from any negative aspect between the two parties. Issues even regarding human rights, social and moral placing take centre stage and the reverse is evident. With the advent of information technology and communication, the response is quick and informative.        

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