Lithium-Ion batteries belong to rechargeable types of batteries where the ion constituents transfer to the positive electrode from the negative during a discharge process and back at the point of charging. In the non-rechargeable categories of lithium batteries, metallic material is used as an electrode as compared to intercalated lithium compound for the former. Hybrid cars are vehicles that use two or more distinct sources of power to move. Most of the hybrid cars can use engine that has internal combustion as well as electric motors of between one and more. In addition, more mechanisms to harness and have energy uses can be included in such cars. Lithium-Ion batteries should not be used in hybrid cars.
Lithium-Ion batteries have distinct advantages regarding their composition as well as their uses and structural inferences. One of the economic benefits of using lithium-ion battery is that it is economically viable for recycling. It also facilitates the easier enhancements of environmental safety rather than the dumping of wastes. As stated above, one can recover from the used batteries and can be able to be availed in the automotives of hybrid kind. It enables lesser raw materials to be put in place when compared to efforts of extraction from a limited supply, perhaps importing from external sources and reducing the negative impact on the environment from processing ores and mining. They are also low maintenance batteries.
Several drawbacks in the use of lithium-ion batteries on hybrid cars are explained. During the recycling process, it is more complicated. In each component of the cell, there are varieties of materials. For example, coated metal foil, powder and extracts have to be separated during the recycling and this becomes tedious essentially for hybrid car maintenance. At the module level, lithium-ion batteries are dismantled into components like, slag, sand and limestone. Such an avenue does not provide an efficient energy mechanism especially when the recovery of the metals is done by leaching of the alloys. The toxicity of the products require gas cleanup to minimize the effects and constituent values.
In order for the lithium-ion batteries to be recycled, several factors are required that need extensive research and regulatory imperatives to be used as well as economic incentive. The batteries have to utilize separation technology for different chemistries processing, separation of the cathode materials especially after the initial stage and greater standardization or flexibility of battery materials including designs for the car usage. Additionally, regulations on not impeding on recycling have to be assured before the process is enabled. Other limitations for the hybrid car utilization of the batteries is through the protection circuit in order to maintain the voltage to safe limits, reduction in ageing effect and the continuous changing basis of the chemicals and metals.
Lithium-ion batteries have ion constituents transfer to the positive electrode from the negative during a discharge process and back at the point of charging. Metallic material is used as an electrode as compared to intercalated lithium compound for the former. They contain high energy density, do not need prolonged priming especially when they are new, and require specialty cells for high currents. However, despite their advantages, they should not be used in hybrid cars. The expense to manufacture them, transportation restrictions, viability with recycling and the environmental hazards do not offer impetus for their use.
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