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Parties are formed for many reasons. Among them is to create a connection between those that make the law and those that are governed by them (Maisel 2007, p.14). The formation by the former constitute of the elites in the society that are determined to gather the support of others around them to become an influential body. On the other hand, there is the group that comprises of the lesser power group that is determined to offer protection for themselves from those that control the government bodies (Purdue 2007, p.23). These people are often like-minded in matters of social and political effects and are of the belief that there is need to have a body that looks keenly at those in charge to avoid any form of prejudice, bias or dishonesty (Diamond 2012, p.49). This paper therefore seeks to address the extent to which these efforts have gone, can go and are yet to go and the positive and negative effects of the representation  of the interests of the public to the to the of parliamentary representation.


 The advantages and importance of civil societies

In the formation of political parties, there are certain noticeable characteristics. Political parties struggle to please the pubic enthusiastically and gather votes by making promises of change, development, and good leadership (Janoski 2005, p.33). In other instances, individuals that establish the civil societies may develop great need in joining the parliament and creating their own political party (Diamond 2012, p.21). However, today, main critics of top political parties are social activists acting as the voice of the individuals around them. This is evidenced by the case in 1990 where social scientists started an internal debate and fight over various concepts of participation and representation (Zimmer 2013, p.45). The usual trigger is a perception of a crisis affecting the freedom of those that are governed especially in their interest in enjoying a democratic leadership (Janoski 2005, p.50). This concept therefore makes the civil society organizations the greatest challenge of any local initiative, decision or movement.

                The first outstanding part that civil societies plays is in the protection of all the new social movements that may involve women, environment, animals, people, sexual preferences and personal appearances(Diamond 2012, p.32). In most cases, social movements face great challenges due to the difficulty in solving some problems. At other times, there are many continuously demolishing their team members mobilization (Maisel 2007, p 40). These kinds of initiatives and movements are often refereed to as single-issue movements and they are often successful despite the crowd’s lack of control in the management of the power (Lipschutz 2006, p.34). In addition, others that have had to deal with two or more issues have found out that political powers will want them to collaborate with them making many of them agree as an initiative to keep the government close.

Other issues such as environmental alternative energies and sustainable development are part of the programs and protections that have established their own social parties. The circulation of information and the representation in the social media concerning these kinds of topics are some of the reasons behind the formation of numerous social societies that offer their in support (Purdue 2007, p. 21). These kinds of acts have proven that mass democracy is in existence and that they mainly function through representation. This is such that they can advocate for rights or any other issues they are allowed to and to an extent that they are given the legitimization for certain important factors.

Civil society organizations are often allowed to stand as such if they are identified by a particular clientele (Lipschutz 2006, p.21). This is to say that political parties and the government often recognizes claims from such organizations if they have the necessary structures, if they follow the right processes and especially if their experiences and presentations to show credibility. Civil societies may advocate and highlight grievances and successes of various social gatherings but they cannot take over as political parties unless they follow the required rules and regulations.

Nevertheless, it has been identified from time to time that indeed the civil society offers important contributions to the government and the political process (Maisel 2007, p.55). They are also responsible for a great length of stabilization especially in maintaining the number of people that can take part in political matters (Purdue 2007, p.60). Once these people come together with similar goals and ambitions, they are able to have a unified voice and to ask for that which they feel best satisfies them. Similarly, they are able to contribute majorly to a wide range of issues and in the process balance out the pressure that the government policies and regulations have on them. All these are the main advantages of civil societies and the benefits that they bring for those they represent in the political community.

The disadvantages and problems with the civil societies

There are instances where the civil society grows big and wild to the extent that they may develop the tendencies of political parties. One this happens, there is the weakening of strong institutions such as labor unions because they have instances of breaking down or away resulting in fragmentation (Maisel 2007, p.33). The labor department has generated so much support and resulted in the creation of multitudes of organizations but then again, there have been no indication of their influence despite the increase in number. This is because many have lost value and become too transparent such that, their actions are no longer in pursuit of democracy but for personal gain. Other issues lie within their organizational structure such that those in leadership are not convincing enough and in other instances, they fail to respect the prescribed democratic rules of the internal procedure.

Similarly, the creation of the societies at times are a bit rapid meaning that they do not formulate the proper management ideals that can amount to a long term investment kind of agreement (Purdue 2007, p. 51). They also tend to lose their members after failing to maintain long-term relations with them. In carrying out the similar roles of parties, the societies are sometimes unable to fulfill important functions such as the participation in general elections, which would have given value to their political importance (Janoski 2005, p. 38). This means that they merely represent the people but they lack formal ways of showing their support and their political stand against or for the government and the political parties.


Generally, this research shows that there are extents to which the civil societies have gone and that their representation has gathered both positive and negative aspects and results along the way (Diamond 2012, p. 42). However, from the challenges experienced, it is clear that the role of the social organizations remains uncertain despite their capability to move crowds and create memorable occasions in the process (Purdue 2007, p.57). Likewise, the only way that the society organizations can be accorded the same respect or place in the political environment is if they are able to transform into a political party and follow all the rules related to them (Zimmer 2013, p. 61). Overall, the interests of the public are safe and so is parliamentary representation when the civil society is concerned even if it is not to the level expected.





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Angeles, LC & Gurstein, P 2007, Learning civil societies shifting contexts for democratic planning and governance. Toronto, Ont, University of Toronto Press.

Bruszt, L & Holzhacker, R 2009, The transnationalization of economies, states, and civil societies new challenges for governance in Europe. New York, Springer.

Burgan, M & Barnett, C 2008, Political parties, Mankato, Minn, Capstone Press.

Diamond, JM 2012, The world until yesterday: what can we learn from traditional societies? New York, Viking.

Janoski, T  2005, The handbook of political sociology: states, civil societies, and globalization. New York, Cambridge.

Klingemann, HD, Hofferbert, RI & Budge, I 2004, Parties, policies, and democracy. Boulder, Westview Press.

Lipschutz, RD 2006, Civil societies and social movements: domestic, transnational, global. Aldershot, Hampshire, England, Ashgate.

Maisel, LS 2007, American political parties and elections: a very short introduction, New York, Oxford University Press.

Mcgann, JG & Weaver, RK 2010, Think tanks and civil societies: catalysts for ideas and action. New Brunswick, NJ, Transaction Publishers.

Purdue, D 2007, Civil societies and social movements: potentials and problems, London, Routledge/ECPR.

Zimmer, A 2013, Civil Societies Compared. Baden-Baden, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft.


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