Historical Injustices

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Historical Injustices

Blog Assignment 5

Child labor was a common feature during the 1800 industrial revolution. Children were used as factory workers because they could be paid cheaper wages. Furthermore, they were readily available at a time when different industrial activities were being set up in the United States. Similarly, some of them were required to handle the manual work by their parents who had become too poor to support their own families. However, due to the miserable conditions and mistreatment they experienced, members of the civil society advocated for their protection. Some of the laws enacted included the prohibition of working at night for people under 21 years. While children below nine years were banned from being employed, those who were permitted had to do so within twelve working hours every day. However, six and a half hours was the lawfully allowed working duration for those under thirteen years. In addition, it was made mandatory for children to be enrolled in schools until they attained ten years.

In 1938, the Fair Labor and Standards Act was passed. It sought to improve the working conditions for most factory workers, especially minors. As such, it set a national minimum wage to ensure that people who engaged in commerce were compensated consummate to their input. This provision cushioned them against living in abject poverty. Similarly, it mandated a time and a half for overtime in specific jobs to avoid employers exploiting them (Hindman 515). Consequently, it also banned the use of minors in hazardous working environments and instead directed that they be taken to educational institutions. Hence, it limited their contribution to slavery. Therefore, this assignment is vital in acknowledging the role of children in the industrial revolution while chronicling the challenges that resulted in the creation of the minimum wage debate.

Blog Assignment 6

In 1942, the United States was recovering from an attack by Japanese military at Pearl Harbor the previous year. President Roosevelt’s executive order sanctioning the internment of Japanese Americans was justified since these individuals were considered a threat to the country’s national security. In fact, this directive was meant to avoid the infiltration of spies into the American society. Furthermore, it was a measure aimed at preventing Japanese nationalists from being incited to commit more attacks on US soil. Moreover, it was meant to provide them with safe and secure locations to live away from other Americans who could have decided to retaliate, thereby putting their lives in danger.

            However, this action could still be challenged as a form of racial prejudice that was unconstitutional since they were American citizens. Consequently, it was an undemocratic move for a democratic-leaning nation. Likewise, by placing them in internment camps, it would expose their properties to looting and interrupt their employment status. Hence, it would have had a psychological effect on the victims leading to traumatic illnesses that would alter their health patterns for a long time. The economy was bound to suffer since most of these Japanese were industrious people in various sectors (Norton 65).

Therefore, it would have been unnecessary to support the internment claims since the government had enough law enforcement officers and detectives to flush out would be spies. Additionally, it could have polarized the country at a time when minorities were agitating for equal treatment in different aspects of life. Similarly, this tactic would have been counterproductive since it could have created internally displaced persons for an endless period thereby creating an uneven society.

Blog Assignment 7

The Indochina War of 1946 involved French soldiers and Vietnamese forces. The former had the support of troops drawn from its colonies such as Tunisia, Cambodia, Algeria, and Morocco. Likewise, the Vietnam War was a conflict pitting communist nations against anticommunist countries. As such, it involved China, the Soviet Union, US, UK and other super powers. All these encounters had varying objectives.

In particular, the United States government considered it vital to fight in Vietnam to eliminate communist militias since such groups were a threat to democracy in that nation. Moreover, it wanted to reduce the rate of human rights violations being committed, as well as prevent the creation of closed economies that could not trade with countries, which followed a capitalistic ideology, such as the US. It was also as a reaction to fulfill its obligations to its allies who were engaged militarily.

Madame Nhu, who was considered the South Vietnamese first lady, often said that she loved power and was not afraid of death. She even used derogatory language such as scabby sheep to refer to opposition politicians who challenged Diem’s rule. Similarly, Nhu stated that she would not want to allow freedom to exploit them in reference to American concerns about the style of governance. Thus, this is a reflection of the corrupt and dictatorial government of Diem. It did not want to entrench democracy in its operations (Lawrence 91).

However, despite the might of the US, it was unsuccessful in Vietnam because of a lack of a proper strategy. Having witnessed a reduction in the hostilities earlier on through Johnson’s surge, Vietnam was abandoned for a while, and Nixon considered developing a ceasefire agreement through the withdrawal of troops. His defeat in the election provided congress with communist sympathizers who denied Vietnam the much needed and promised aid for reconstruction. Thus, the politicians had failed to draft and execute an objective plan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works Cited:

Hindman, Hugh D. The World of Child Labor: An Historical and Regional Survey. Armonk N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, 2009. Print.

Lawrence, Mark. The Vietnam War: A Concise International History. Oxford [u.a.: Oxford Univ. Press, 2010. Print.

Norton, Mary, Carol Sheriff, David Blight, Howard Chudacoff, Fredrik Logevall, and Beth Bailey. A People and a Nation: A History of the United States. Boston: Wadsworth, 2012. Print.

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