Hazards Mishaps and Risks





Hazards Mishaps and Risks


In the designing of safety standards, the overlying hazards require to be eliminated or reduced through the risks they posses. Safety process and its overall relations require management through hazard identification, its assessment, and control on the nature of the unacceptable risk. The process is certain in the acceptable closure mechanism are achieved in order to place it in effect (Ericson 13). An actual development of system safety should go hand-in-hand with the process as means of reducing the cost and improving of the result from stage to another. An accident refers to the unexpected occurrence of an event that is not desirable whereas it is unplanned and results to damages. In relation to occurrence of death, mishaps come into fore while risks point at the impact of a peril.

            The relations between the hazard and mishap include relevance on the state of the former as it passes through elements in its translation into the latter. The components and key factors are indicators of the actual consequence realized at the end (Ericson 15). They belong top the same phenomenon but belong to different states. Therefore, the risk is obtained by multiplying the severity and probability. Factor that involves mishap probability is responsible for hazard components on their occurrence and transformation into mishap. The element of the hazard is the basis of resources in its creation, while initiating mechanism is the trigger that makes them happen. The hazard’s target is the vulnerable party towards its occurrence and in most occasions bears the injury or damage aggrieved to the act. Examples of the elements include high voltage, high-pressure tank, and ordinance. Initiating mechanism can compose of inadvertent signal, tank rupture and exposed contact. The threat can be contained through explosion, death, or injury.

            Actualized hazards are mishaps. Two factors determine the translation of mishap from a hazard, the unique set of apparatus involved and the presented risk by them. Just like a molecule that has unique set of components, a particular hazard can be attributed to have similar composition. Thus, the occurrence is necessitated by similar lining of them all. In the initial process, there is energy build-up in the state and the point-of-no return enabled at the final stage, thereby causing the mishap (Ericson 16). All systems are built purposely for functioning in a predetermined course. Hence, the designs of them are liable for the presentation of a potential hazard in their operations. In some way, mishaps are predicted. The reason why there is existence of hazards, they are unavoidable as they comprise functioning of the system and they happen as inadequate measure of safety availability.

            Distinct probabilities of hazards occur as either one or zero. A mishap on the other hand can be between the zero and one depending on the hazard-causing factor it contains. In this case, HCFs are responsible for hazard occurrences. Understanding of hazard theory is basic for identf9iocation as well as analysis of techniques, system design and its operation, and recognition (Ericson 18). Mitigation of the hazard becomes easier as opposed to identification. Some of the techniques that can be used in prevention and aversion of the hazards include checklist on failure to operate, inadvertently occurrence, erroneous data of any sort from a system and failure to capture adequate information. Afterward, clear description of the hazard is important towards its analysis and theoretical capture. It enables better understanding as opposed to wrongful determination and equal saving of time.

Work Cited:

Ericson, Clifton A. Hazard Analysis Techniques for System Safety. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley-Interscience, 2005. Print.

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