Great Gatsby





Great Gatsby

The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald covers the lives of different characters in a presumably prosperous and fictional town known as West Egg in Long Island in 1922. It focuses on the life of a mysterious wealthy individual known as Jay Gatsby and his obsessive tendencies towards Daisy Buchanan. This has been termed as the author’s magnum opus as it explores prevalent themes of idealism, decadence, social inequalities, excesses, resistance towards social change and America’s progression in the Jazz Age or what has been known as the Roaring Twenties.

Benjamin Franklin from the age of reason, which spanned from the 1600s to the 1800s, was marked by exceptional levels of enlightenment. Benjamin Franklin would argue that the novel belongs to the age of reason or enlightenment, as the he would be intent on advocating for tolerance, reason, progress, and elimination of the social inequalities. The author of the text, Fitzgerald, has been heralded as an effective writer given that he was influenced by the need to provide the society with a cautionary tale over the validity of the American dream. However, it is important to note that a majority of Franklin’s works utilized a first person approach, as he was intent on developing an intimate relationship with his audience. In the Great Gatsby, the author utilizes a fictional character and third person approach to narrate the story.

Benjamin Franklin would argue that his value for specific virtues such as moderation, silence, cleanliness amongst others. By focusing on issues that plagued the American society, Franklin would be able to induce change. Franklin is noted to have been in favor of living a virtuous life, which would lead to changes in a society marked by inequalities, injustices, and criminal activities. In addition, Franklin would argue that his appeal towards rationality, social progress, belief in perfectibility and essential goodness in human nature is relevant to the contents provided in the text. He would possibly associate the contents of text with his desire to affirm the role of virtue in ensuring a responsible and fair society. The portrayal of different characters as inherently unjust and biased would be used by Franklin as a basis for his arguments.

Walt Whitman has been termed as one of the most important figures in the American Romantic Movement. He is understood to have been responsible for initiating a democratic and distinctive American approach in developing his poetry. Walt Whitman would argue that he the works are relative to the American romantic period due to the use of themes of democracy, freedom, and emphasis on imagination and individualism. He also embraces egalitarianism, democracy, and egoism as a means of affirming his beliefs in the presence of opportunities in the United States.

Whitman would argue that the issues discussed in the Great Gatsby resonate with the challenges he faced as he ventured into the developing American literature field. He would argue that that individualized approach used in the development and portrayal of characters in the novel was related to the period of American romanticism in the 1800s. He would argue that the narrative is based on various American experiences such as civil war and the growth of the American economy as a result of capitalistic initiatives by the government and the public. In addition, Whitman’s works have also been focused on modernity by reflection of the growth of American cities and the influences of the urban life.

Similar to Fitzgerald, Whitman would base the Great Gatsby on personal experiences as the protagonist seeks to achieve the American dream, albeit growing up in poverty. The achievement of the American dream would be at the expense of the basic tenets of morality and ethics. Furthermore, the use of experiences affirms the importance of individualism to Whitman, which has been understood as one of the primary motivations for Fitzgerald during the composition of the Great Gatsby.

Ernest Hemingway, a modernist, was credited for his critical role in the shift of American literary styles. His history of growing up in a dysfunctional family resonates with the themes and experiences of the protagonist as used by Fitzgerald in the text. His lack of faith in central institutions in society such as government and the church, that have resulted in entrenchment of inequalities and other social injustices would play a role in relating the text to his period. The focus of the text on issues such as decadence, in various institutions in the American society during the 1920s would provide a basis for relating the work to Hemingway.

The three parties, Ernest Hemingway, Walt Whitman, and Benjamin Franklin can be termed as exceptional American writers due to the roles played respectively in providing critically acclaimed works. Hemingway would emerge as the winner given that the publication of the text in the year 1922 resonates with modernity, a period that was marked by the reconstruction of cities after the war. In addition, his ability to develop meaning through dialogue was a common approach used by writers during the 19th century, in which Hemingway had familiarity.

Hemingway would be able to explore prevalent themes of idealism, decadence, social inequalities, excesses, resistance towards social change and America’s progression in the Jazz Age or what has been known as the Roaring Twenties. His ability to articulate the social issues that were prevalent during the 1920s as the country progress in the wake of modernity and transition from an age of enlightenment would relate to the issues that are discussed by Fitzgerald in the text, which is based on his experiences.



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