Question 1

According to the chronology, the arrangement of sites is listed as follows site 2, site 6, site 7, site 1, site 8, site 3, site 4, site 9 and lastly site 5.

Question 2

With the available data of the ceramics after the arrangement in chronology, it is possible to determine the oldest. In the ascending order, site 5 is the oldest with the symbol representation of each vessel obtained from the undated location.

Question 3

It is possible to determine the later vessel between 4, 5, and 6 from the action of superimposition and stratification of layers. Vessel 5 is the later vessel among the three.

Question 4

With the compaction of the strata according to the timing of the archeological findings, the earlier vessel between 1, 2, 6, or 7 can be determined. Vessel 2 is earlier vessel since it is located in the lowest strata.

Question 5

The order of the interred burials from the oldest to the youngest can be given as burial Z, burial Y, burial W and burial X.

Question 6

Vessel 3 is older than burial Y. this is despite burial Y appearing in a lower location than vessel 3. This might be attributed to human activity in the stratification level of the latter.

Question 7

The wall was built after burial Y was interred. According to its positioning and comparison of the strata in vessel 4 and 7, the wall was a result of human activity and subsequent compaction of the vessel 2.

Question 8

Absolute dates of the burials cannot be easily determined since the timeline established from the observation of the burials and vessels has not been given. In addition, the strata of the layers cannot be verified from any estimates.

Question 9

The earliest date that the building could have been constructed is 1505 judging from the small piece of wood. It belongs to the foundation and matching it the master sequence, the first ring from the left is represented by the 1505 mark.

Question 10


The age range from the three sites is given by the following: the first is between AD 1460 and 1540, the second is between AD 1500 and 1545 while the third is between AD 1525 and 1565.


From the above information, it is possible to determine the oldest from comparison of the three different range sites.


The oldest is the first site with the range of AD 1460 to 1540.

Question 11

One of the major advantages of dendrochronolgy as used in determining of accurate dates in anthropology is that it takes a relatively short time while the process can be used in several periods across a large geographical area (Kelly and Thomas 423). The main disadvantages of the method are that it is time consuming and involving. The analysis is critical after the extraction of the evidence to be studied. In addition, the tolls used are expensive and fragile in nature.

Radiocarbon dating is an efficient tool in determining of dates of artifacts and fossils, especially when providing results of a greater timeline (Kelly and Thomas 424). It is not a complex method to achieve while the materials used are not very expensive. In terms of its disadvantages, it is not an accurate tool. It does not provide the exact timeline whereas estimations are used. It is limited by the chemical action that occurs on the evidence and requires patience and careful packaging mechanisms. This is because of the fragility of the evidence gathered.


Work Cited

Kelly, Robert L, and David H. Thomas. Archaeology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning, 2013. Print.

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